Located in the Tualatin Valley west of the Portland metropolitan area, the city is home to many high-technology companies, like Intel, that composes what is now known as the Silicon Forest. In the 2010 U.S. Census, the city’s population was 91,611.
Thousands of years before the onset of European-American settlers, the tribe Atfalati of the Kalapuya lived in the Tualatin Valley close to the area of Hillsboro. The climate, influenced by the Pacific Ocean, helped to make the region great for fishing, hunting, food gathering, and agriculture. Settlers founded a communal here in 1842. It was later named after David Hill who was an Oregon politician.
Riverboat transportation on the Tualatin River was a large part of Hillsboro’s settler economy. A railroad reached the region in the early 1870s and then an electric railway roughly four decades later. These railways and highways aided the slow development of the city to about 2,000 people by 1910 and about 5,000 by 1950, all before the arrival of high-tech companies in the 1980s.
Along with the high-tech industry, areas important to Hillsboro’s economy are health care, retail sales, and agriculture, including grapes and wineries. The city runs more than 20 parks, the use of Hillsboro Stadium, and 9 sites in the city are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.